Frequently Asked Questions

What are the Swarm official channels?
Where can I find technical support and get answers to my other questions?

The Swarm community is centred around our Discord server where you will find many people willing and able to help with your every need!

Where can I find support for running Bee node on DAppNode?

You can find support for running Bee on DAppNode on the DappNode Discord server:

Who can I contact for other inquiries?

For any other inquiries, you can contact us at

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What’s the relationship between Swarm and Ethereum?

Swarm started in the first days of Ethereum as part of the original “world computer” vision, consisting of Ethereum (the processor), Whisper (messaging) and Swarm (storage). The project is the result of years of research and work by the Ethereum Foundation, the Swarm Foundation, teams, individuals across the ecosystem and the community.

The conceptual idea for Swarm was started in the Ethereum team at the beginning, and the Ethereum Foundation incubated Swarm. After five years of research, Swarm and Ethereum are now two separate entities.

The Rise of Bee – Airdrop
What is the proof of data exchange between your node and the trusted node?

The proof of data exchange between your node and trusted node is the value of the cheques you cashed from the trusted node (qBZZ).

At the end of the airdrop, we will simply run a script and collect all the value of the cheques originating from trusted nodes which are cashed out. The more cashed out qBZZ cheques you received, the more BZZ tokens you will receive. It’s not the number of cheques, but the gBZZ value in the exchange. You only need to cash out cheques every once (we advice doing cashouts on a regular basis, like once a week) in a while and make sure you cash out all of them just before the airdrop ends and we switch to mainnet.

How many tokens will you get?

We are handing out exactly 1,000,000 BZZ tokens. The value of qBZZ is not yet determined, as this depends on the network traffic.

At the end of the airdrop, 500k worth of qBZZ cheques were collected from all the nodes in the network. In this case, one qBZZ token is worth: 1M BZZ divided by 500k = 2 BZZ tokens per qBZZ token.

So, if your node collected 50 worth of qBZZ cheques, you would receive 50 x 2BZZ = 100 BZZ tokens. If you ran 3 nodes and they collected 50 worth of qBZZ cheques each, then that is 300 BZZ from the airdrop.

Do I need to cashout all the time?

We will announce the airdrop end date so you will have time to cashout.

We advice doing cashouts on a regular basis, like once a week > if your node has crashed and you have lost the keypair, you won’t be able to recover the cheques.

What should I do with received cheques before the end of the airdrop?

This is important — as the airdrop concludes, you will need to cash out your qBZZ cheques. Without this, you will not receive your BZZ tokens once we hit mainnet.

You are strongly advised to join the bee-support channel, our Discord server, or closely follow our social media channels so you don’t miss this tutorial.

Are there tools to decrypt the Swarm keypair?

We highly recommend running your Bee node together with Bee-Clef.

If you are running Bee together with the Bee-Clef, you can type in the command line `bee-clef-keys` and that will store the .JSON file into your home folder and put the password in your clipboard.

You can then use that to import to Metamask or any other web3 wallet provider.

We’re running on the Goerli/xDai network but Airdrop is going to happen on the xDai mainnet. Do I use the same keys?

Yes, keypairs are the same on all EVMs (Ethereum VMs).

If for some reason I change my cheque book address, will I be able to get the rewards of the previous ones if I had some cheques there?

Yes, if you have the private key of the owner of the cheque book that cashed the checks.

We do, however, advise you not to switch too often, as there might be a cost associated for each address with which you retrieve your BZZ from the airdrop.

There are 16M BZZ tokens on the testnet. Will the same amount of BZZ tokens be on the mainnet?

That will be communicated soon. The testnet is not representative of what the real token will be like.

What is the extra airdrop about?

The purpose of the airdrop is to reward node operators who helped run the testnet, but more importantly to get as many nodes as possible BZZ to use on the Swarm network. For this reason, additional funds to the airdrop budget were added to airdrop all nodes that deployed a chequebook and cashed out at least one cheque with a non-zero value with 0.1BZZ. This amount is more than enough for you to start trying out the Swarm main network.

Do I have to move my BZZ from the xDAI chain to Ethereum mainnet?

You don’t need to do this. Your BZZ (called xBZZ) has the most utility on xDAI, as this is where it can be used to upload and download content to and from the Swarm network. You can also transfer your funds to the Ethereum mainnet. It is advised to use the OmniBridge

What about this anomalous-looking thing I found on Etherscan?

The airdrop mechanism was designed to reward real node operators, who contributed their hardware to the Swarm network. Just by looking at the blockchain, you cannot know whether the transaction emanated because the node was participating in the Swarm economy or not. The trusted nodes were chosen, such that it is likely that they were truly participating in the Swarm economy.

I never got any cheques, can I have some BZZ?

The rewards go to those nodes that proved to actively participate in the economy of the Swarm test network--deployed a chequebook and cashed out at least one cheque. If this does not apply to you, you unfortunately don’t get any BZZ as part of the current airdrop scheme.

I got many cheques, but only a little BZZ - what happened?

This means that the majority of your cheques did not come from nodes in our selection of trusted nodes.

How were the trusted nodes selected?

You can find out exactly how the trusted nodes were selected by inspecting the rise-of-bee-airdrop repository.

Will you be doing any more testnet airdrops?

Right now, no further airdrops are planned. You may be interested to participate in the Swarm mainnet with a live economy, to apply for a grant, or participate in the Swarm summer school. Follow our channels to stay up to date.

I have never been on xDAI. Do I need a wallet?

Key pairs (public/private keys) are independent from the blockchain. So you can use the same keys on Ethereum mainnet, xDai and many other EVM’s.

When does the airdrop end?

The airdrop will conclude just before we go live to mainnet.

The terms and conditions of the airdrop will be released closer to the airdrop date.

Running Your Own Bee Node
Where can I find Bee Documentation?
Where can I report issues, errors, bugs?

You can get help with your issues, errors and potential bugs in the bee-support channel on our Discord server.

If you are sure you have found an unreported bug, please create a new issue at the ethersphere/bee Github…

How to Install Bee on Linux or OSX?

Please see the detailed instructions in the documentation. (

How do I Install Bee on Windows?

To run a bee node on Windows, please visit and download one of the Windows releases. It is also possible to build from source.

At present, it is not possible to run Bee-clef on Windows but you may use the inbuilt (but less secure) Bee key management software.

How do I cash out cheques on Windows?

Try using the Windows 10 Powershell or install a Unix terminal such as Cygwin.

I would like to run a ‘mining farm’; how should I do this?

Because of the structure of Swarm, it is best to run many nodes, each with the default database capacity.

An example of how to do this can be found at

What is bee-clef?

Bee-clef is a key manager. With the bee-clef, your keys are not exposed to bee-process.

Clef is the Go Ethereum client’s external signer (an external service that signs transactions).

Bee-clef starts up a custom clef instance that is preconfigured to be suitable for bee’s automated operation.

What are the restart commands for bee-clef?

If you use bee.service:

  • Start: sudo systemctl start bee-clef.service
  • Stop: sudo systemctl stop bee-clef.service
  • Status: sudo systemctl status bee-clef.service
Is there any kind of dashboard or user-friendly way to monitor the working of a node?

You can use Bee Dashboard which can help you setup your Bee node, monitor its status and perform actions like uploading files and cashing out cheques.

You can also check out a few interesting tools created by our wonderful community members.

How can I get the gBzz to run the node?

If you are on Discord, you can go to #faucet-request channel and type sprinkle “your node address”, and your address will be funded.

You can also get your gBZZ using Bzzaar, or our legacy faucet at

How to use the Bzzaar to get gBZZ for Bee?

For more detailed instructions, please check “fund your node on the docs”

  1. Set up a MetaMask account on the Goerli test chain
  2. Go to the bzzaar via the link as provided in your bee logs ``
  3. Connect the Bzzaar to your MetaMask wallet on the Goerli test chain (upper right)
  4. Use the get g-eth button on the bzzaar to get g-eth on your node and MetaMask account
  5. Press the Exchange button to mint gBzz into the node’s account
  6. Approve the transaction in your MetaMask
  7. Wait a bit and the node should be able to proceed.

This can take a couple of minutes; check the faucet address on Etherscan and look for the transactions to your addresses.

You may need to reconnect your wallet to see your balance increase once the transaction is completed.

What are gETH and gBZZ?

gEth is the native token on the goerli test blockchain. gBZZ is the BZZ token also on the goerli test blockchain. You get gETH from goerli faucets and it is required for deploying the chequebook contract (once only), depositing gBZZ into the chequebook, and for cashing chequeslater. gBZZ is the Bee currency and is collected or paid for transferring data in the network and for storage when postage stamps get released.

How much network traffic does one node consume per day?

Network traffic depends on your connectivity and the activity level in Swarm.

About BZZ requirements:

- In order to operate and run a well-functioning node, you don't need BZZ. You only need some xDAI to deploy your chequebook. Get it here (

- In order to make use of the Swarm network service (upload/download), you need to pay with BZZ. This BZZ is distributed to node operators and token holders.

Token Sale
Who is behind Swarm Foundation? More information about all team members.

Swarm Foundation team members do prefer their privacy. As for the founders or track leads, they have been presenting Swarm in public on numerous occasions. Ultimately, we are all Swarm, and it is best is to check github and other channels.

When the bonding curve is activated, will it create additional tokens?

3,708,125 tokens are going to be minted, to match the circulating supply according to the bonding curve at the price point of 1.92 per token. The smart contract will be released in the next few days, after audits are completed. This bonding curve contract can mint and redeem tokens to match supply and demand.

What's the "soft launch"?

The mainnet launch, although at that point all the tokens won’t be distributed yet.

When will the airdrop end?

Soon to be communicated, follow Swarm’s channels to keep up to date (see footer)

What is the distribution schedule for BZZ tokens?

All tokens on the Swarm network, other than the CoinList sale tokens and airdrop tokens, will be distributed on June 21 2021. For regulatory reasons, tokens acquired in the CoinList sale will be distributed on or around August 2 2021.

The Swarm project belongs to the cypherpunk movement. As a result, Swarm has strong principles. One of those is believing in the absence of lockups or any other unnecessary restriction of freedom, within the bounds of regulatory possibilities.

P2p storage and messaging predates blockchain. Swarm started in the first days of Ethereum as part of the original “world computer” vision. The project is the result of years of research and work by the Ethereum Foundation, the Swarm Foundation, and teams and individuals across the ecosystem and the community. Even so, this is just the beginning of the road towards a fully decentralised and fair web.

To learn more about Swarm, the BZZ token and the network, read the recently published White Paper:

Swarm Gateway FAQ
What’s the Swarm Gateway?
The Swarm Gateway is a service allowing you to share and access files on the Swarm network. This service is currently under development by the Swarm Foundation.
Can I use it to share important files?
No. The Swarm Gateway is an experiment meant for testing purposes only. We don’t provide any guarantee regarding file availability on the network. For unlimited use of the Swarm network you should consider running your own node.
Are there limitations in what I can share?
To share a file with the Swarm Gateway, you need to agree to our Terms & Conditions. You can only upload one file at a time. Also, there’s a 10MB file size limit for uploading.
How can I share a file with the Gateway?
First, you upload the file to the Swarm network using the “Share” button from the homepage. Once the file is uploaded, you’ll get a web link and a Swarm hash (or ‘bzzhash’). You can also use QR codes. You can share the web link with anyone to let them download your file. If you’re familiar with Swarm, you can use the Swarm hash.
Who can access my file once it’s uploaded?
Anyone with the link will be able to access and download your file. There’s no searchable or browsable directory.
Can I remove a file once it’s uploaded?
No, there’s no way to completely remove access to a file after you have shared it. Please consider this before uploading anything.
What’s a Swarm hash? How do I use it?
The Swarm hash (or ‘bzzhash’) is the unique ID of your file on the Swarm network. It’s a 64 or 128 hex character string. In the Gateway, you can go to the ‘Access’ page and paste a Swarm hash to access the corresponding file. You can also access files that were not uploaded through the Gateway.
Why do I get the ‘File not found’ error?
Sometimes, even if you have used a correct web link or Swarm hash, you may see the ‘File not found’ error. There are two main reasons for that. This could be because the file is not yet available on the network or because it has expired. After uploading, the file will need some time to propagate on the network. If you have just uploaded the file, you might just need to wait a little bit. If the file has expired, it’s unfortunately no longer available on the network. Please keep in mind that this service is provided for testing purposes only, there’s no guarantee about file availability on the Swarm Gateway.